There are two basic types of hearing loss; conductive and sensorineural.
Conductive Causes: These involve physical issues that prevent sound moving through the outer and middle ear.
Sensorineural Causes: These are from damage to the hair cells in the inner ear or the nerves responsible for carrying nerve impulses to the brain.
- Antibiotics including aminoglycocides such as gentamicin abd vancomycin being common culprits.
- Diuretics, especially furosimide and ethacrynic acid.
- Salicylates such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-imflammatories including ibuprofen and naproxen.
- Antineoplastics, mainly cancer medications.